Veneer is a very thin leaf of rich coloured wood. It is a precious material
which is applied with glue on the surface of furniture. Beautiful woods
sometimes cannot be used in solid form in furniture manufacturing because of
their limited availability, small size or difficulty in working. Veneering
makes it possible to use such wood and imparts an elegant look to the
furniture. The strength of the wood is also increased through the the
process of laminating veneers in successive layers thereby decreasing the
cross-gain weakness of the wood. Rosewood, satinwood, maple, walnut, and
mahogany are frequently used for veneers.
Whole Piece Veneers: Continuous pieces of veneer
peeled from a log, using
Spliced Veneers: Composed of several pieces of
veneer, varying in width, that are glued together to form a whole sheet. The
way they are laid out determines the final look of the veneer.
Book Matched Veneers: Every other strip of veneer
is turned over producing a grain pattern that is matched at the veneer
Slip Matched Veneers: Each strip is laid out side
by side producing a repetitive pattern.
Select Veneer: It is entirely composed of
heartwood or sapwood and is matched for both grain, pattern and colour.
Uniform Veneer: It is entirely composed of
heartwood or sapwood, but is matched for colour only.
Natural Veneer: It is entirely composed of both
heartwood and sapwood and is generally less expensive than select or uniform
Paint Grade Veneer: It has smooth finish, so no
characteristics of the wood grain can be visible through the paint.
Stain Grade Veneer: It is meant to take a clear
stain and still show natural characteristics of wood.